International Politics Journal Archive
International Politics Vol. 67 No. 1164/2016
International Politics, 2016 67(1164):5-23
The concept of multiculturalism in Europe is in crisis. On the other hand, in Azerbaijan, the border of Europe and Asia, multiculturalism is rising. Main reasons for this should be sought in the common history of numerous ethnic groups who inhabited its territory and developed a culture of tolerance, as preconditions for the success of multiculturalism. The paper examines the positions of Christians, Jews, Sunni Muslims and other ethnic groups in Azerbaijan, as well as their legal positions in terms of the domestic and international law. It also points to the Azerbaijani promotion of multiculturalism, as an important part of foreign policy, via the Baku process, initiated in 2008. Relations between Serbia and Azerbaijan are developing rapidly in recent years, and the practice of this Caucasian state in the promotion of multiculturalism could be a role model for Serbia, which has a potential to develop and promote its own model of multiculturalism.
BRETTON WOODS INSTITUTIONS HAVE NO ALTERNATIVE: DOES THE ASIAN INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT BANK THREATEN TO THE EXISTING INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS?
International Politics, 2016 67(1164):24-41
This article is dedicated to the research of the thesis that the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) represents a threat to Bretton Woods Institutions and their partners. The author highlights in this article the four key arguments why he rejects the aforementioned thesis. These arguments are related to the purpose/competences, the capacities of these institutions, motives for the establishment of the AIIB as well as similar experiences in the establishment of the BRICS’s New Development Bank. In other words, the author\'s intent is to point out that because of different purpose/ competence, the AIIB cannot be compared to IMF. Also, because of the smaller capacity, lack of experience and the risk of the political influence of the main principals, the AIIB is not a relevant threat/competitor to the World Bank.
International Politics, 2016 67(1164):42-55
Climate changes caused by a rapid technological development are increasingly causing natural disasters that take the shape of emergency situations. Floods are one of the most common natural disasters that can affect one or several countries at the same time. The dangers resulting from floods could jeopardize people\'s lives, property and the environment in some territory. Depending on its scope, floods may have different shapes. Flood waves can be such that completely destroy the existing infrastructure and cause pollution at the level of environmental disasters. Therefore, it happens that floods completely paralyze the normal functioning of the state and society in some parts of the territory. In these situations, the control of the competent authorities on the affected parts of the territory is difficult. States now take significant measures to prevent the occurrence of floods or to quickly eliminate the negative consequences of their influence. Paralyzing the work of state bodies in some parts of the territory affects the security of the state as a whole. That is why in modern security policies much more attention is paid to the so-called ecological safety.
International Politics, 2016 67(1164):56-71
In this article, we will try to show different attempts of interpretation of the structure and disposition of power in the post-Cold War period. First, we will start with the exhaustion of neorealist polarity theory options, respectively, present theorists’ debate whether the distribution of power after the Cold War is unipolar, bipolar or multipolar. However, although the neorealist vision of world order is necessary, but not sufficient, because its full interpretation cannot be accessed only by using its limited framework, in future work we will present more complex models that some theorists represent, and without which it is impossible to comprehensively present a complex structure and disposition of power as it exists today. Huntington\'s idea of uni-multipolarity, Joseph Nye efforts to present disposition of power in the world as interdependence on several levels, nonpolarity of Richard Haas and complex structure in the form of 1 (superpower) + 4 (major powers) + X (regional powers) of Barry Buzan and Ole Wæver represent such tendency.
IMPACT OF EUROPEANIZATION ON THE ADOPTION OF CIVIL (SUPRANATIONAL) IDENTITY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
International Politics, 2016 67(1164):72-90
Ethnic issues in the region of the former Yugoslavia, in the last 25 years represent a kind of reversible generator. Creating new states on the territory of the former Yugoslav federation was accompanied by a parallel process of revival of large nationalist ideas. While political elites were talking about adoption of the modern democratic heritages and launching a process of accelerated European and Euro-Atlantic integration, their de facto actions have set off in the opposite direction, respectively, towards establishing the foundations for mono-ethnic states. In multiethnic societies, such actions have directly influenced the emergence of the phenomenon of intolerance in relation to another, different, which ultimately led to the open conflicts on ethnic, national and religious postulates. The Macedonian political elite in the early nineties, called for the establishment of a modern Macedonian state on civil grounds, but the spirit of national \\\"superiority\\\" has also appeared in the Macedonian multiethnic society. Denying Macedonian identity by the neighboring states, and pressure of the numerically dominant ethnic Albanian minority in the country, have influenced the changes in the course of civil perspective and its replacement by the new, the extremely nationalist ideas. Such a course of events, supported by the pervasive corruption within the Macedonian political elite, has contributed to the disagreements between Macedonians and Albanians, and also to the isolated conflict actions during 2001 that were on the verge of starting a civil war. The signing of the Ohrid Agreement represents a guarantee in the process of preserving and maintaining the Macedonian multiethnic mosaic. This agreement supposed to be an essential basis during the construction of a civil and multiethnic Macedonian state. From today\\\'s perspective, it looks more like an instrument in the hands of the Macedonian-Albanian political elite. Although its implementation is one of the most important conditions on the Euro-Atlantic path of the Macedonian state, politicians from the Macedonian and Albanian elite know how to ignore this fact, and to use this agreement to satisfy narrow party interests.
International Politics, 2016 67(1164):91-103
Levels of total unemployment rates in a period from the beginning of the World economic crisis until today have shown significant fluctuations in the USA and the EU economies. In order of returning the values of these rates to their prerecession levels, short-term macroeconomic measures have been implemented. On effects of those measures were also influencing differences in economic structures in observed countries. Success in the sustainability of the economic system is particularly visible in the example of several urban agglomerations in Germany. In them exist agglomeration economies, which consist of a group of companies from the same industry sector on one location. They were also influencing on the movement of the structural unemployment rate in Germany, which had a decreasing trend during the observed period, unlike the structural unemployment rates in the USA and in most of other EU member countries.
JER MI TAKO KAŽEMO
International Politics, 2016 67(1164):105-107
UVODNO IZLAGANJE MINISTRA SPOLJNIH POSLOVA IVICE DAČIĆA NA MEĐUNARODNOJ KONFERENCIJI „POJAS I PUT – BALKANSKA PERSPEKTIVA“
International Politics, 2016 67(1164):109-112