International Politics Journal Archive


International Politics Vol. 68 No. 1165/2017

Content

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE PROCESS OF RECONCILIATION BETWEEN SERBIA AND CROATIA
Strahinja Subotić
International Politics, 2017 68(1165):5-22
Abstract ▼
The paper analyzes the significance and type of role which the European Union (EU) has had in the context of reaching reconciliation and resolving conflicts between Serbia and Croatia. The author starts with an assumption that the EU is focused on keeping peace and stability in the Western Balkans, by decreasing the tensions between Serbia and Croatia. However, the question arises how the EU has worked on decreasing these tensions, and how successful it was in achieving this task. Therefore, the emerging issues between Serbia and Croatia are analyzed in the period between 2012 and 2016. The author notices the disruption of relations between Serbia and Croatia after their respective governments changed, thus the starting point of the analysis is the moment when Tomislav Nikolić becomes the president of Serbia in 2012. After analyzing the way the EU has treated the issues which Serbia and Croatia faced, the author comes up with two conclusions. On the one hand, it is not evident that the EU is pressuring both sides to reach a comprehensive dealing with the issues and therefore it is suggested that the EU is not playing a constructive role in reaching reconciliation between Serbia and Croatia. On the other hand, if one focuses on reaching mere normalization of relations and removing problems from the daily political agenda, then one could say that the EU is effective in this position by playing the role of a neutral mediator. Since the author shows that the problems are mostly based on the past, it is concluded that the EU’s strategy for resolving problems was not successful and thus one can expect continued moments of the crisis between Serbia and Croatia.
THE CHALLENGES OF MODERN MIGRATION - SECURITY ASPECTS AND ETNIFICATION OF POLITICS
Miloš Aleksić, Miroslava Gligorić
International Politics, 2017 68(1165):23-39
Abstract ▼
Migration as a process of population movement, can be referred to as a constantly ongoing phenomenon, unconditioned by time, but it cannot be denied that periodically, due to specific circumstances, it’s intensity rapidly increases, creating a series of short-term and long-term consequences, and from time to time even determining the paths of history. Precisely such a significant migratory wave is unfolding before us today. In this paper, we mark the three most important consequences of the current phenomenon. The first is the security challenge, primarily in terms of terrorism, which one of the greatest threats of our time. The second refers to the process of etnification of politics, although this is not in the center of attention of academic and public debate, it can serve as a foundation of long-term changes in regional policy and relations between European states. At last, there is the challenge that is placed before the European Union’s institutions, bodies and procedures, but also before the very spirit of European solidarity on which all of them rest. Finally, we will consider the perspectives that are ahead of Serbia in these challenging times.
THE CRIMINAL OFFENSE OF THE GENOCIDE IN THE LIGHT OF THE JURISPRUDENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA
Marija S. Dedović
International Politics, 2017 68(1165):40-53
Abstract ▼
ABSTRACT The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), since its inception, has been the subject of some controversy, from the manner of its establishment, through the rules which regulate its procedure, to the case law it has spawned.32 From the complaints that it is “illegal and illegitimate”, through those related to the creation of new institutes unknown to the Convention, to the existing impression that the selective justice has been carried out, this Tribunal has walked a thorny path. However, one cannot say that it has reached its destination on that path. The primary task, the reason for its establishment – the prosecution of the responsible persons [...] – has only been partially achieved, as there is undisputed one-sidedness in the prosecution and conviction for the crimes committed during the civil war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which represents one of the key objections to the Tribunal. Although it was established as an ad hoc court, and designed as a temporary institution, its mission continues despite the “completion strategy” and the plans for ceasing all the activities by the end of the year 2010.33 One can say that the hypothetical creator of the genocide in Srebrenica, although legally imperfect, represents our inevitable reality and its legal heritage creates real consequences in terms of both making uneven history and relativization of truth in our region.

Analize

THE RELATION OF THE CSTO AND NATO
Božidar Knežević
International Politics, 2017 68(1165):54-72
Abstract ▼
The author analyzes the relationship between the CSTO and NATO as well as CSTO efforts to establish cooperation between the two organizations of collective security with respect to the common challenges and recognizes the risks and security threats (international terrorism, illegal migrations, people and narcotic trafficking). The CSTO attempts at establishing relations and cooperation with NATO, lasted for ten years, from 2004 to 2014. NATO do not want the establishment of cooperation as the CSTO is viewed as an organization founded by Moscow to counter potential impact of the USA and NATO on the post-Soviet space. Further relations between the two organizations will directly depend on the resumption of the functioning of the Council NATO – Russia, whose work is suspended due to the conflict in Ukraine.
WESTERN SAHARA ISSUE
Aleksa Nikolić
International Politics, 2017 68(1165):73-85
Abstract ▼
The paper discusses the issue of the Western Sahara region, and the right of people to self-determination of Western Sahara. It includes an analysis of the occurrence of the resistance movement in the territory, the historical significance of this region, the relationship that the international community has for it as well as the attitude of the neighboring countries. The author attempts to draw attention to the indifference of the international community to address this problem. This paper deals with the analysis of the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice regarding the question of whether this territory constituted terra nullius, and what are the legal ties between this territory and other countries in the dispute, as well as Resolution 690 which guaranteed a referendum on this issue under the control of the UN. The author also draws attention to a constant, longstanding violations of basic human rights in the territory. In particular, it highlighted the importance of the great power for (not) solving this problem.
MONETARY POLICY IN CONDITIONS OF SLOW GLOBAL RECOVERY
Jelena Vujić
International Politics, 2017 68(1165):86-101
Abstract ▼
Uncertain recovery of the global economy, geopolitical risks, future prices of oil and raw materials, volatile capital movements and low-interest rates determine current monetary policy to a large extent. Accommodative monetary policies and exit from such policies are the main challenges for monetary authorities. Although accommodative policies and low-interest rates following the outbreak of the crisis affected credit growth and capital inflow, their long-term application affects banks’ profitability and the emergence of new risks and hinders the return to conventional measures. However, the unconventional monetary policy is expected to continue and the exit from quantitative easing will be gradual, consistent with achieving the inflation target and sustainable economic growth. In such circumstances the support from fiscal policy and structural reforms is crucial.

Prikaz

THE MONTH THAT CHANGED THE WORLD – JULY 1914
Stevan Nedeljković
International Politics, 2017 68(1165):103-105

Predavanje

TRAMP PROTIV DUBOKE DRŽAVE: HRONIKA PUČA KOJI TRAJE
Dr Srđa Trifković
International Politics, 2017 68(1165):107-114