International Politics Journal Archive


International Politics Vol. 68 No. 1168/2017

Content

THE REFLECTION OF US-RUSSIAN RELATIONS AFTER TRUMP’S ELECTION ON SERBIA
Vladimir Trapara
International Politics, 2017 68(1168):5-19
Abstract ▼
Donald Trump’s administration inherited from its predecessor the worst state of the US-Russian relations since the Cold War. In spite of the expectations that Trump’s election could lead to a new attempt of US Russian rapprochement, it still does not happen. In this paper, it is argued that the main cause of Trump’s failure to start a rapprochement process with Russia lies in the absence of his “grand strategy”, which makes domestic political dynamics in the US the decisive factor in the continuation of inertia of Washington’s foreign policy. However, the author does not see either the possibility of further deterioration in the US-Russian relations or opening new geopolitical fronts of their conflict. In this sense, recent US pressure on Serbia regarding its relations with Russia is not based on the reality of the US-Russian relations, but on propaganda. Difficulties which Serbia faces to overcome this pressure is the consequence of its political elite’s wrong estimate that the US foreign policy after the elections would change positively for Serbia.
RELATIONS BETWEEN ALBANIA AND SERBIA AT THE SECOND DECADE OF THE XXI CENTURY: A NEW BEGINNING OR CONSTRUCTIVITY UNDER PRESSURE
Dušan Proroković
International Politics, 2017 68(1168):20-35
Abstract ▼
It is noticeable that from 2014 we are witnessing the intensification of relations between Serbia and Albania. Until then, official communication between two countries was mostly conducted through a multilateral format. Since then, Belgrade and Tirana have focused on bilateral relations: Aleksandar Vučić was Serbia\'s first Prime Minister in history who visited Tirana and Edi Rama was the first Albanian official who traveled to Belgrade after 68 years. A joint aim of the two countries is to work on strengthening economic relations, increasing trade, expanding cooperation in the field of tourism and building infrastructure projects. However, despite all announcements, relations between two countries remain complex and burdened primarily with the issue of the status of Kosovo and Metohija. Therefore, bilateral cooperation between Belgrade and Tirana can be seen primarily as a political necessity which both countries carry out to show that they meet the criteria for good neighborly relations and thus continue the process of “euro integration”. On the other hand, the stands on issues of importance for the security of both countries remain opposed, which in the long run does not give a hope for the development of cordial and fruitful relations. The attempt to build Serbian-Albanian relations on new foundations is, therefore, a difficult project and the current activities of both countries should be seen as a constructiveness that is manifested because of the pressure of the EU integration.
MIGRATION POLICY AND ITS IMPACT ON DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA
Vladimir Grečić
International Politics, 2017 68(1168):36-61
Abstract ▼
Serbia has been faced with the growing depopulation tendency for a quarter of a century now (negative population growth rate is ever increasing and the emigration of young people, especially highly educated and talented people, has become more and more dynamic), and inclusive of weak economic performances and a very modest economic growth, as well. In fact, nowadays, it has been faced with major challenges as it has become the country of immigration, transit country and the country of origin for many people who have had to leave their homes for various reasons. The migration management policy has become an important area of the public policies, both on the national and international level. The economic theory of the cross-border migration deals mostly with the following questions: Why do people migrate? Who migrates? What are the implications of both of the countries of origin and a country of destination? Although there is a tendency in the bibliography to distinguish between internal and international (external) migration, there is, in fact, only one economic theory of migration. The Migration is an investment in one\'s well-being. The efficiency of migration policies is often challenged due to the alleged failure to manage the immigration in a way to protect the country against unwanted migrants and their unproductive effects. However, as a result of the basic methodological and conceptual limitations, the evidence remained unclear. The central question which the author seeks to answer is as follows: How the Serbian migration policy affects the size, direction and nature of migration into and out of the country? In addition, what are the effects of migration and the significance of these effects for the overall development of Serbia? In order to build conceptual clarity, the author draws a distinction between the effects of immigration policy regarding migration volume, geographical mobility, the composition of migration (legal channels and characteristics of the migrants, with particular emphasis to the talents), the timing of migration and return of migration to their countries of origin. Finally, the author suggests some measures and activities that the state authorities should undertake to minimize losses and maximize the gain from the external migration of Serbia.
THE IMPORTANCE OF THE ISSUE OF NATIONAL MINORITIES IN THE SERBIAN FOREIGN POLICY
Dr Dragomir Radenković
International Politics, 2017 68(1168):62-85
Abstract ▼
The paper analyzes the problems of national minorities and considers a place that it has in the foreign policy of Serbia. The author postulates the thesis that respect for minority rights, as national minorities in Serbia and Serbs in the region, is of importance to bilateral relations with neighboring countries and underlines the significance of minority issues in the process of integration of Serbia into the EU, primarily through the implementation of the Action Plan for the realization of the rights of national minorities in the context of the chapter 23 (judiciary and security) in negotiations with the European Union. The paper summarized the normative framework of respect for minority rights in Serbia, with reference to the basic international documents relating to the legal status of national minorities and presented the thesis on the need for its further improvement. The author points to the key problems of minority communities in Serbia and their main requirements, as well as the unresolved issues of Serbs in the region. The paper highlights the commitment of Serbia to the effective respect for the rights of national minorities and the further improvement of the situation of the Serbian community in the region, with emphasis on recognition of the Serbian minority in Slovenia, the conclusion of a bilateral agreement on the protection of national minorities with Albania, defining the status of Serbs in Montenegro, etc. In addition, the minority problem should be solved in a bilateral framework and dialogue, while an important role has the respect of bilateral agreements on protection of national minorities that Serbia has signed with Hungary, Romania, Croatia and Macedonia, and regular maintenance of the intergovernmental mixed commission with those countries. Bearing in mind that the resolution of minority issues is relevant to the improvement of bilateral relations with neighboring countries and for the process of integration of Serbia into the European Union, as our foreign policy priorities, the author underlines the importance that the issue of national minorities has in the foreign policy of Serbia, concluding that it could be considered one of its determinants.
ABSOLUTE FORBIDDANCE OF TORTURE IN INTERNATIONAL LAW
Aleksandra Regodić
International Politics, 2017 68(1168):86-102
Abstract ▼
The prohibition of torture is dealt with by a large number of international instruments, general and specialized, both at the universal and the regional level. However, most of them do not include a definition of torture, so that the one provided by the UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment is deemed relevant coming from the most comprehensive act. This Convention specifically excludes the possibility of invoking any exceptional circumstances which would make torture justified. Although there are individual theorists contrasting such a position in the light of the “ticking bomb” scenario, international law has no dilemma. Considering the international treaties and the practices of the supervisory bodies, the absolute character of the prohibition of torture has been unambiguously established. It is a jus cogens norm that binds all countries of the world and allows no deviation under any circumstances.
EXPOSURE OF CHILDREN TO TERRORIST CONTENTS ON THE INTERNET
Katarina Jonev
International Politics, 2017 68(1168):103-112
Abstract ▼
Terrorist groups are using cyberspace to propagate propaganda, to place ideological, political, religious ideas, for mutual communication and organization of activities, planning attacks in the physical world, financing. Social networks such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Telegrams have contributed to radicalization and recruitment, primarily of children and young people who accept the principles of terrorists and join their ranks. Modern ways of communication have enabled terrorists to successfully increase membership and their ranks without direct, physical contact. The article attempts to analyze the role of social networks and the ways in which content influences children and young people to join the Islamic state.

Prikaz

S PACIFIKA NA SKADARSKO BLATO
Prof. dr Jelena Lopičić Jančić
International Politics, 2017 68(1168):113-116