International Politics Journal Archive


International Politics Vol. 69 No. 1169/2018

Content

DETERMINANTS OF THE FOREIGN POLICY OF SERBIA: THEORETICAL MODEL AND ITS APPLICATION
Prof. dr Ivo Visković
International Politics, 2018 69(1169):5-30
Abstract ▼
This article is an attempt to construct a theoretical model for analysis of the determinants of foreign policy and to apply it to the case study of Serbia. Having firstly critically evaluated several authors’ approaches to that issue in international and domestic literature, the author has made his definition of the term determinants of foreign policy, trying to overcome shortcomings of other definitions, and classifies all determinants in four basic groups: historical, determinants from the international environment, determinants of the socio-political („domestic“) system and idiosyncratic factors. He classifies different factors in the most adequate of these four groups, explains their content and meaning. At the end of the theoretical part of this article, the author shortly turns to some methodological problems dealing with the approach he used. Thereupon, as an example of the concrete application of the proposed model, the author analyses relevant determinants of the foreign policy of Serbia. In the concluding remarks, he calls for improvements of this model as a pioneer theoretical attempt, or – by James Rosenau\'s term – contribution to a pre-theory of the foreign policy, to achieve the highest possible theoretical level and thus to improve the results of the model\'s practical applications.
CHALLENGES OF GEOPOLITICAL CONCEPTIONS IN THE BALKANS: THE CASE OF SERBIA
Dr Marko Babić
International Politics, 2018 69(1169):31-49
Abstract ▼
Since the collapse of former Yugoslavia and due to its geographic position and geopolitical importance in the Balkans, Serbia has been a subject of continuous interest of global powers. Their goals are focused on internal and external politics of Serbia aiming to achieve the best possible geopolitical position in the country. Using the comparative method of analysis, the paper aims to present the content, forms, and scope of the four main geopolitical conceptions actively operating in Serbia (the US and NATO Atlanticism, Russia\'s Euroasianism, Germany\'s Continentalism and Turkey\'s Neottomanism). In order to keep its diplomatic maneuvering space relatively open and effective, Serbia should not underestimate any of these conceptions always keeping in mind its national and state interests. The only permanent Serbian category in conducting its foreign policy should be: \"A state has no eternal friends but only eternal interests.\"
THE GREECE FOREIGN POLICY TOWARDS THE BALKAN STATES – DID THE ECONOMIC AND MIGRANT CRISES CAUSE THE LOSS OF GREECE\'S INTEREST IN THE REGION?
Uroš Đaković
International Politics, 2018 69(1169):50-69
Abstract ▼
The Greek foreign policy activity in the Balkans can be divided into three periods. The first period stretches from the fall of communism to the conclusion of military conflicts in the region in 1995. The next period begins with the change of government in Greece in 1996, which led to the intensified interest of this country in its neighbors. It also led to the adoption of the principles which will guide the Greek authorities in relations with the Balkan states, such as regional cooperation, encouraging European integration, friendly relations, but also using economy in the service of diplomacy. Led by these interests, the second period is marked by the improved and more intensified relations between Greece and its neighbors and by strong Greek economic presence in the region. During the Greek presidency over the EU in 2003, the European perspective of the Western Balkan states was expressed for the first time. The last period begins with the start of the economic crisis in 2008 which caused partial loss of interest of Greek authorities in the neighboring countries, due to the need to solve urgent domestic issues. However, three years after the outbreak of the crisis first signs of stabilization of economic and commercial relations were recorded between Greece, Albania, Macedonia and Serbia. Coming to power in 2014, Syriza-ANEL coalition initiated a policy of bringing their country back to the Balkans” because of multiple importance of the region to Greece.
NATIONAL ECONOMY AS A DETERMINANT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA FOREIGN POLICY – IN THE CONTEXT OF EU ACCESSION
Jelena Kostić
International Politics, 2018 69(1169):70-86
Abstract ▼
The level of the state economic development is a major determinant of social welfare. In the age of globalization, the quality of relations with other countries depends on the economic conditions on the national level. The proper foreign policy could be very important for the national economic development. However, the situation on the national level could have a great impact on the state foreign policy. That is also the reason for the pursuit of membership in international organizations. It seems that the foreign policy of the Republic of Serbia is primarily determined by economic conditions, although it has been designed by the great influence of political heritage. The goal of this paper is to underline the relationship between the national economy and foreign policy. The necessity for the development of the national economy affected the tendency towards the membership of the Republic of Serbia in the EU, as well as the cooperation with the People\'s Republic of China and the Russian Federation. The current foreign policy of Serbia rests on the four pillars – the cooperation with the United States, the Russian Federation, the People\'s Republic of China and the European Union. The interests of some of them are opposed. This can affect the quality of relations between the Republic of Serbia and these countries. However, it could have a tremendous impact on the national economic policy priorities. It seems it is difficult to give an answer to the question of what will happen in the future Therefore, it is perhaps necessary to take advantage of the current benefits that Serbia has as a candidate for accession to the EU and from the economic cooperation with the Russian Federation and the People\'s Republic of China.
THE DECLINING MULTILATERALISM AS A DETERMINANT OF SERBIA’S FOREIGN POLICY
Mr Slobodan Prošić
International Politics, 2018 69(1169):87-105
Abstract ▼
Two major events have shaped the world scene in the recent months, Brexit and the policy of the new Trump Administration. Both have emphasized the shift towards reassessing sovereignty against multilateralism. Unfortunately, the process of globalisation has not bolstered multilateralism. In fact, the opposite is true: The logic of national sovereignty has staged a comeback with major economies undermining cooperation on issues ranging from security to trade to climate change. The United States’ withdrawal from the Transpacific Partnership (TPP) and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) signalled, together with the withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement, a setback in multilateral diplomacy. On the other hand, the departure of the UK from the EU creates major uncertainties and possible adverse consequences for the future of the Union. Brussels is faced with a potential resurge of immigrants, as well as with the imperative of consolidating the Eurozone, a move that could split the EU into core countries and second-grade members. The paper is focused on the potential trends behind those developments which could shape the future of foreign policy of the Republic of Serbia.
IMPORTANT DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA AND THE SURROUNDING COUNTRIES AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 21ST CENTURY
Prof. dr Milan S. Šojić
International Politics, 2018 69(1169):106-115
Abstract ▼
Demographic trends are of special importance for every country. This paper analyses the key demographic trends: in the Republic of Serbia, former SFRY countries and selected South-East European countries. The authors composed a comparative analysis of the key demographic changes in the late 20th and the early 21st century, including the latest data and assessments available in 2017. We used the information based on national statistics, as well as data of the United Nations (UN Population Division) and other most important international organisations and institutions (World Bank, Eurostat, OECD, etc.). Based on the conducted research, we established that in the transition period following the demolition of the Berlin Wall, there was a drop in the birth rate and population numbers in Serbia and most of the South-East European countries. According to the World Bank data, over the past two decades, these countries experienced large-scale population migrations towards the developed EU countries and North America. An empirical analysis, which we conducted for the period 1990–2015, revealed a correlation between the decrease of population in Serbia and the South-East European countries on the one hand, and the key economic indicators – such as real economic growth, the balance of trade and payments, external and internal debt movements, etc. – on the other.

Prikaz

RUSOFOBIJA KOD SRBA 1878–2017
Vladimir Trapara
International Politics, 2018 69(1169):117-120
MEĐUNARODNO OBIČAJNO PRAVO
Aleksa Nikolić
International Politics, 2018 69(1169):121-123