International Politics Journal Archive


International Politics Vol. 69 No. 1170/2018

Content

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF COLONIALISM
Danilo Babić
International Politics, 2018 69(1170):5-26
Abstract ▼
In this article, we discuss the conceptual framework of colonialism. We consider colonialism to be a complex system based on racial discrimination and economic exploitation. Furthermore, we closely define the concepts of colonialism, neocolonialism and imperialism. We believe that these terms are interconnected and that they construct one single context. Regardless of the small differences between these concepts, they act synergistically with the goal of establishing hegemony over the native population. Moreover, we analyze the psychological aspect of colonialism in order to uncover the relationship between the colonizer and the colonized. That relationship is characterised by mutual dependence, complexes of superiority and inferiority. In addition, we compare the opinions of three most eminent authors in the field of psychology of colonialism Albert Memmi, Octave Mannoni and Frantz Fannon.
THE USA’S RELATION TOWARDS THE UNITY OF THE SFRY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE YUGOSLAV CRISIS
Sanja Vojvodić
International Politics, 2018 69(1170):27-42
Abstract ▼
In the early 1990s, the United States was positioned as the only remaining superpower and it was difficult to imagine resolving regional crises without its influence. Such crises were erupting uncontrollably during the disappearance of the bipolar world. At the same time, the Western defense systems sought for a purpose in a new world order. The breakup of the SFRY took place within the aforementioned international surrounding, which provoked the consequences for Yugoslav constituent units as well. The aim of this paper is to describe, and, where possible, to explain the evolution of the US stance from the support to the unity of the SFRY to the support of the independence of its republics, as a hypothesis of the US administration that it will contribute to the solution of the Yugoslav crisis in this way.
GEOPOLITICS OF THE HOLY SEE AND THE WESTERN BALKANS
Vladan Stanković
International Politics, 2018 69(1170):43-58
Abstract ▼
In this scientific journal, we have presented only some basic outlines of the Vatican’s geopolitics. Important factors that, in our understanding, strongly affect the erosion of one geopolitics are: the ecumenical politics of Roman Curia, the geopolitics of the Holy See in international relations in the last hundred years, and the geopolitics of the Vatican in the area of Southeastern Europe and the Western Balkans. The changes from the Second Vatican Council made the Catholic Church come out of isolation, and to join the ecumenical movement. Since then, she has played a more active role in international relations. The relations between the Holy See and the Serbian Orthodox Church experience some progress and improvements in relation to the time of John Paul II’s pontificate. The progress is primarily reflected in the acquisition of mutual confidence in the canonization of Stepinac, as well as in the consistent decision of the Holy See not to recognize the so-called “Kosovo’s independence“.
STRENGTHENING TURKEY\'S POSITION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENC
Stefan Jojić
International Politics, 2018 69(1170):59-77
Abstract ▼
Actions of a state are conditioned by the influence of multiple factors, which on different levels determine its foreign policy activity. This paper aims to present causes that led to an increased presence of Turkey in the Western Balkans in the period after the Cold War, and especially during the first decade of the 21st century. Also, it deals with the main consequences of that presence. Without the intention of implementing clear and rigid delimitations of different determinants influence, which is barely possible in the complex research field such as international relations, the author has divided Turkey’s political engagement in the Western Balkans into three different periods. Each of them, despite the consistency of the Turkish national interests, was “coloured” with various activities, which were performed in different international and regional political circumstances.
POLITICAL ACTIVISM OF CONTEMPORARY EUROPEAN UNION: CAUSES AND REACHES
Aleksandar Milosavljević
International Politics, 2018 69(1170):78-90
Abstract ▼
In the first decades of the 21st century, the trend of decreasing power of trade unions continued as a reflection of long-term structural changes in the world economy, which are variously depreciated in European countries. Faced with very unfavorable action context, the trade unions are forced to use many different models of the revitalization of social and political power with various results. Starting from the old thesis that it represents a potential answer to a more defensive position regarding the state and the employers, possibilities and means of realizing trade unions\' political activism are examined in this paper as a collective term for all means that affect the adoption of important political decisions. In European countries there is no identical form of it, whereas possibilities and results of its usage are conditioned by 1) institutions\' design, 2) constellation and credibility of the political process\' actors, and 3) capacity of the trade unions.
INFLUENCE OF CLUSTERS ON STRUCTURE OF ECONOMIES OF EUROPEAN UNION AND RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Miloš Srzentić
International Politics, 2018 69(1170):91-104
Abstract ▼
The impact of the world economic crisis on production and unemployment in the observed economies is still felt ten years after its ending. This is particularly noticeable in the sector of the automobile industry, as a part of manufacturing production. The potential loss from a permanent closing down of production capacities in this sector of the economy will exert long-term negative effects on the economic development of these countries. Spacial grouping of companies from this economic area into clusters represents a positive way for stimulation of their production. However, regarding the structural problems of the economy and increased competition from abroad, it is necessary to maintain the efficiency of production and to hold unemployment at appropriate levels in these clusters. In order to achieve this, economic policy measures should aim to increase the mutual cooperation of the clusters from different states.

Prikaz

THE WAR OF IDEAS, JIHAD AGAINST DEMOCRACY
Slobodan Janković
International Politics, 2018 69(1170):105-108