International Politics Journal Archive


International Politics Vol. 71 No. 1179-1180/2020

Content

Synoptic Neorealism: A Review of the Munich School and Constellation Analysis of International Relations
Žaklina Novičić, Isidora Pop-Lazić
International Politics, 2020 71(1179-1180):5-22
Abstract ▼
This paper presents a review of synoptic neorealism and constellation analysis of international relations, conceived by Karl-Gottfried Kindermann at the University of Munich in the late 1970s. Although neglected in theoretical reviews of the field, in part because of language barriers, this school is an implicit analytical framework for a large number of practiceoriented studies. Clarity and conciseness of constellation analysis are presented through a small number of elements: system, perceptions, power, interests, norms, and strategies. However, synoptic neorealism goes much beyond the reference framework of structural neorealism in the direction of modern constructivist and critical approaches to international relations, with all advantages and risks that it brings.
NUCLEAR DEPROLIFERATION AND EU POLICY FOR NON-PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION IN THE CONTEXT OF RELATIONS WITH INDIA, PAKISTAN, IRAN AND NORTH KOREA
Bogdan Stojanović
International Politics, 2020 71(1179-1180):23-47
Abstract ▼
This paper aims to present the activities of the European Union in the field of preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. In addition to the analysis of institutional and legal mechanisms established from 2003 onwards, the practical effect of the European Union in preventing the proliferation of Armageddon weapons is also investigated. The uneven role and results achieved in various crisis hotspots, such as North Korea, Iran, India and Pakistan, leave room for different forecasts of future EU action. A good starting point and a basic consensus of all members regarding the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction give a reason for optimism in the analysis. Therefore, the paper explores the relationship between established capacities, practical policies, and future crisis sites related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
PERSPECTIVES OF THE AMERICA-INDIA ALLIANCE IN LIGHT OF THE “CHINESE THREAT“
Nebojša Vuković
International Politics, 2020 71(1179-1180):48-64
Abstract ▼
In the paper, a possibility that the United States of America and India enter a military alliance treaty (for example, analogous to the agreements the USA has with Australia or Japan) during the next decade (2020 – 2030), thus raising their current partner relationship to a qualitatively higher level, is critically analyzed and assessed. The continuous economic expansion, as well as the military strengthening of the PR of China (together with its ever-greater presence in the oceans), which both countries – i.e., India and the USA – perceive as a potential security threat and a possible aggressor, are mentioned as the primary motive for such a potential arrangement. The most important factors speaking in favor of the formation of such an alliance, as well as those factors that might influence the non-execution of such an arrangement, are enumerated and expounded. The basic thesis in the paper consists of the attitude that chances for the formation of an America–India military alliance during the forthcoming decade are very moderate due to a series of circumstances (limitations) that, first of all, pertain to India.
THE MAIN DETERMINANTS OF EMMANUEL MACRON\'S FOREIGN POLICY
Nеvеnа Stаnkоvić
International Politics, 2020 71(1179-1180):65-94
Abstract ▼
French foreign policy has been a reflection of its political history, cultural identity and national conception of France\'s role in the world as a global leader of freedom. In the context of growing interdependence, France faces a dynamic of globalization often perceived as a threat to national identity. The victory of Emmanuel Macron in the French presidential election in 2017 enounced the beginning of a different foreign policy. Believing in the diplomatic potential of the French Republic, President Macron underlined the necessity of a new Europe and its strategic autonomy, presenting himself as a potential new leader. Compared to the former French presidents, the youngest French president presented a different approach, staying committed to historical principles. This paper analyzes the main aspects of Macron\'s international activities: establishing a relationship of trust with US President Donald Trump, ”reviving” Europe by revitalizing Franco-German relations, a more cooperative relationship with Russian President Vladimir Putin and France\'s role in North Africa and the Middle East.
FRENCH (GEO)STRATEGY FOR THE WESTERN BALKANS: A PATH ALREADY TRACED OR A PATH BEING TRACED?
Mihajlo Kopanja
International Politics, 2020 71(1179-1180):95-118
Abstract ▼
With the publication of the short technical note titled “The French Strategy for the Western Balkans“ in April of 2019, it seems that after more than half a century, France has decided to regain its influence in the Balkans. By stating that French president Emmanuel Macron desires to formulate a genuine strategy with a concrete set of measures, the paper observes the stated document through the theoretical stipulations of the strategy. Through conceptualizations of the strategy and grand strategy, and with considerations of the place of geostrategy between these concepts, the paper determines that although the text of the note fulfills the necessary elements to be labeled as a strategy, there are discrepancies between the will of France and the objectives, ways and means formulated within the document. Therefore, the paper concludes that the French Strategy for the Western Balkans represents a traced path of French action that could lead to a reformulation of their strategy in the future.
EUROPEAN ENERGY SECURITY: A CASE STUDY OF THE NORD STREAM 2
Nevena Šekarić
International Politics, 2020 71(1179-1180):119-138
Abstract ▼
Significant attention has been paid recently to the European Union’s efforts towards establishing an integrated energy policy and strengthening of the Energy Union. Consequently, many challenges facing these integration steps are subject to numerous analyses as well. One of the most significant contemporary challenges facing European energy integration is the Nord Stream 2 project, whose implementation leads to increased European energy dependence on Russian natural gas. The main goal of this paper is to analyze the recent trends and impacts related to this pipeline, i.e., to assess its impact on further European Union’s integration steps in the field of energy security. Considering the strong regional dimension of this pipeline project, the key theoretical framework that will enable such analysis is the Regional Security Complex Theory, originally developed by the Copenhagen School of Security Studies.
CHANGES IN THE GOALS OF THE VISEGRAD GROUP AFTER ACCESSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION
Aleksandar Jazić
International Politics, 2020 71(1179-1180):139-155
Abstract ▼
After the end of the Cold War, the states of the Visegrad Group transformed their political and economic systems in order to join the European Union. They achieved that goal in 2004. Until recently, the positions and policies of these countries were in line with the official positions of the Union. However, to respond more adequately to new external and internal challenges, such as the conflict in Ukraine and the migrant crisis, Brussels has formulated positions that the Visegrad Group countries have not fully supported. By taking different positions in relation to the EU institutions, these countries try to protect their national interests and get opportunities to have a greater influence on the creation of European policies. Although this was opposed by Brussels, some EU members supported the opinions of the Visegrad Group countries. In that way, these countries encouraged the formation of a new block within the EU. This not only allowed them to have their voices heard more but also called into question the existing balance of power in the Union.
CIRCUMSTANCES AND SPECIFICS OF THE PROCEEDINGS FOR THE GENOCIDE OF MYANMAR OVER THE ROHINGYA BEFORE THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE
Marko Novaković, Jovana Blešić
International Politics, 2020 71(1179-1180):156-177
Abstract ▼
As a crime of special gravity and significance, genocide rightfully causes particular attention and caution in legal life. When it comes to its prosecution in international law, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the only relevant address, and genocide occupies a special place in the practice of the ICJ. Precisely because of that, the authors will analyze the progress achieved before the ICJ in the case of Myanmar, but at the same time, they will present the basic aspects of the concept of genocide and especially the specifics of the case, which shed special light on the whole process.
REFORMING THE METHODS OF THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL
Ljubomir Tintor
International Politics, 2020 71(1179-1180):178-199
Abstract ▼
In this paper, the author deals with the issue of the reform of the working methods of the Security Council, considering it a key segment of the reform of the Security Council. Using the analytical method, the author examines the following issues that he considers crucial for efficient reform: the use of vetoes in the work of the Security Council, informal forms of meetings within the Security Council, the importance of the annual reports submitted by the Security Council to the UN General Assembly, the contribution of observation missions’ visits, and the key issues of Security Council peacekeeping missions. The aim is to examine the current state of reforms, detect certain defects, and indicate the possible directions of change of the Security Council’s working methods, in order for the principal organ of the United Nations to adequately respond to the future challenges.

Book review

GLOBAL DIPLOMACY: AN INTRODUCTION TO THEORY AND PRACTICE
Vuk Lazić
International Politics, 2020 71(1179-1180):201-203
EKONOMIJA ZA OPŠTE DOBRO
Dragana Dabić
International Politics, 2020 71(1179-1180):204-206
„KRHKI MIR”: STANJE KOMPLEKSNE STVARNOSTI U MEĐUNARODNIM ODNOSIMA I PRAVU
Jovanka Kuvekalović-Stamatović
International Politics, 2020 71(1179-1180):207-212
POLOŽAJ CIVILA
Jovana Blešić
International Politics, 2020 71(1179-1180):213-215