UDC 329.3:272/273::341.213(4)
Biblid: 0543-3657, 62 (2011)
Vol. 62, No 1143, pp. 21-34
DOI:

Pregledni članak
Received: 22 Jul 2011
Accepted: 01 Jan 1970

ACTING OF CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATS IN CREATING CONDITIONS FOR ADOPTION OF THE IDEA OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATIONS

Petković Petar (Istraživač – saradnik Instituta za međunarodnu politiku i privredu u Beogradu i doktorand Međunarodnih i evropskih studija Fakulteta političkih nauka Beogradskog univerziteta), petar@diplomacy.bg.ac.rs

The first Catholic associations that created the bases for confessional and later Christian Democratic parties had emerged as a reaction to the anti-clerical attacks at the time when the church and the state were opposed to each other. The basis for the creation of such organisations was the existing network of clubs, brotherhoods and various associations that by applying the catholic strategy led to the emergence of a new political factor – catholic activities. Their acting made the idea of catholic universalism, which additionally became more topical by the historical events, initiate launching the project of European integration as well. In order to ensure institutional mechanisms for long-lasting peace and security in Europe post-war Christian Democratic leaders wished to revive the Christian civilisation and the creation of a democratic form of the Holy Roman Empire. In this sense, since the 1920s Catholic parties and nongovernmental organisations started to establish the frames for the first Christian Democratic international organisations and fori. In this article, they are pointed as factors that carried out building of the social and political consciousness for the commencement of the process of European integrations.

Keywords: European integrations, Catholic activities and associations, social doctrine, Christian Democratic parties, international acting of Christian Democrats, Geneva circle, Nouvelles Equipes Internationales