UDC 341.33“1945/1990“
Biblid: 0543-3657, 63 (2012)
Vol. 63, No 1146, pp. 116-131
DOI:

Izvorni naučni rad
Received: 11 Jan 2012
Accepted: 01 Jan 1970

BREACHES OF 1949 GENEVA CONVENTIONS WITH RESPECT TO WOUNDED, SICK AND PRISONERS OF WAR IN WARS WAGED FROM 1945 TO 1990.

Lopičić Jančić Jelena (Advokat, Beograd),

After World War II, numerous wars and armed conflicts were waged worldwide, in which besides soldiers, civilian population, prisoners of war, wounded and sick were also killed. In these wars, 1949 Geneva Conventions were massively violated against prisoners of war, wounded and sick, what represented war crimes. The paper gives a brief overview of some of the wars and armed conflicts that were waged in various parts of the world in the period from 1945 to 1990, when numerous war crimes against prisoners of war, wounded and sick were committed. Despite the involvement of the United Nations and various intermediary international peacekeeping missions, unfortunately, these wars were not prevented. Only the International Red Cross in Geneva partially succeeded in its humanitarian mission to improve the status of prisoners of war, wounded and sick in prison camps where housing conditions were very difficult, the epidemics raged and there was a lack of basic hygiene and often a lack of minimum, medical aid, which in many cases caused mortal consequences and permanent destruction of health. It is significant that in scientific and professional literature there are no data that for these numerous war crimes anyone was criminally responsible, except for a few negligible exceptions.

Keywords: Wounded, sick, prisoners of war, 1949 Geneva Conventions, 1945-1990 wars, war crimes