UDC 341.382:94(497)
Biblid: 0543-3657, 63 (2012)
Vol. 63, No 1148, pp. 206-229

Izvorni naučni rad
Received: 12 Oct 2012
Accepted: 01 Jan 1970


Jerotijević Zoran (FORKUP, Univerzitet Alfa Beograd), zoran jerotijevic@gmail.com

The beginning of the twentieth century in the Balkans was marked by the preparations for the liberation from centuries-long Turkish occupation. The Serbs, Greeks, Bulgarians and Romanians won their independence, but they not achieve national unity as a great country (Italy, Germany). For the Romanians, they were the sole territory of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, while the Serbs, Turks, Austro-Hungarians, Greeks and Turkish Bulgarians were the only ones under the rule. This situation made Serbia, Montenegro, Bulgaria and Greece find ways of cooperation in order to liberate their territories from the Turkish rule, particularly given the unstable political, ethnic and economic situation in Turkey. After long negotiations, the Balkan alliance was created in 1912 by the four countries. This alliance showed how mighty it was by defeating Turkey on all fronts in a short time (with the key role of Serbia in major battles). The London Peace Conference confirmed the new delimitation with Turkey, but not between the allies. Big powers (the Austro-Hungarian Empire) wanted a conflict between the allies, using primarily dissatisfaction of Bulgaria. The new war between Bulgaria and the former allies ended as a disaster for this country, which had caused it (Turkey and Romania entered the war against Bulgaria). The Bucharest Peace defined the new borders in the Balkans.

Keywords: The Balkans, Serbs, London, Bucharest, Turkey