UDC 327(4-672EU)(642)
Biblid: 0543-3657, 64 (2013)
Vol. 64, No 1151, pp. 67-85
DOI:

Pregledni članak
Received: 17 Aug 2013
Accepted: 01 Jan 1970

THE EUROPEAN UNION POLICY TOWARDS SUDAN

Ahmad Almadani Mr Mohedin ((Mohyedein Ahmad Almadaney), predavač i doktorant na Fakultetu političkih nauka Univerziteta u Beogradu), mohyedein@yahoo.com

After gaining independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom in 1956, many turmoils have occurred in Sudan such as military regimes, civil wars followed by ethnic, religious and economic conflicts between the Northern and Southern Sudan, coup d\'état in 1989, USA attacks on Sudan and a new Constitution in 1989, uprising in Darfur, and the independence for Southern Sudan in 2011. The second civil war, which lasted over two decades, resulted in more than four million displaced persons and more than two million deaths in Sudan. Besides, during the conflict in the Darfur region, nearly two million people were displaced and more than 300,000 deaths were caused. Constant conflicts and turmoils in Sudan since the mid-20th century have affected all neighboring states, and many of them have provided shelter for over a half million of Sudanese refugees. Additionally, Sudan is a source and transit country for men, women, and children who are subjected to forced labor, forced begging or sex trafficking in Europe, Middle East countries, and others. On the other hand, after establishing the European Union, with constant institutional reforms, the EU has nowadays developed the Common Foreign and Security Policy. Since 2011, it has officially launched the European External Action Service – EEAS, which represents the European Union\'s diplomatic corps. The key issues for the EU External Action Service towards Sudan are providing aid for recovery across the war-affected areas, maintaining the dialogue with the governments of the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan, and providing humanitarian aid.

Keywords: civil wars, conflicts, refugees, trafficking, Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), European External Action Service (EEAS), humanitarian aid