UDC 341.24(497.115)
Biblid: 0543-3657, 64 (2013)
Vol. 64, No 1152, pp. 20-35

Pregledni članak
Received: 14 Nov 2013
Accepted: 01 Jan 1970


Petrović Dragan (Naučni saradnik, Institut za međunarodnu politiku i privredu, Beograd), draganp@diplomacy.bg.ac.rs

The paper analyses the results of the negotiations between Belgrade and Priština that have been mediated by the EU in recent years pointing to the agreement which was signed in Brussels in April 2013. Bearing in mind the fact that in the 2006-2007 period the Ahtisaari Plan was rejected by Serbia with the help of Russia above all, one can wonder why this agreement has been accepted at this moment since it is not substantially different from the Ahtisaari Plan. This is even more unusual since it has just been in the period since 2007 that some very serious changes in the balance of power have occurred to disadvantage of the promoters of Kosovo’s independence. The USA, as the main promoter of Kosovo’s independence, is still the leading world power but within an increasingly multipolar world order where also exist in parallel some other world powers such as BRIC countries which do not support Kosovo’s independence. The official Belgrade or actually the current and previous Serbia’s government, has made such a big national concession mostly as the result of the ideology of EU integration under very uncertain and aggravated conditions the Union and „Serbia’s EU path“ are facing. For this reason, the author is of the opinion that such a risky undertaking, which is at the same opposite to the current Constitution of Serbia, for which it has not received mandate from the people, should be verified by citizens who would express their will in a democratic way. Citizens should be adequately informed with all the circumstances related to the Brussels Agreement and they should express their will referendum that would be organised in accordance with democratic norms.

Keywords: Kosovo and Metohija, Brussels Agreement, international mediators, pressure on Serbia