UDC 341.217(4-672EU:410)
Biblid: 0543-3657, 65 (2014)
Vol. 65, No 1153-1154, pp. 40-55

Original scientific paper
Received: 15 Jan 2014
Accepted: 15 Feb 2014


Zečević Prof. dr Slobodan M. (Prof. dr Slobodan M. Zečević, Naučni savetnik, Institut za evropske studije, Beograd, Trg Nikole Pašića 11), vzecevic@eunet.rs

In his TV address to the public on 23 January 2013, British Prime Minister David Cameron said that if his Conservative Party won the 2015 elections it would schedule a referendum whether Great Britain should remain or leave the European Union. Cameron’s positions coincide with the prominent British politics of Euroscepticism in the last decades. However, concerning what has been said above, there is a dilemma how much the possibility of Great Britain to leave the European Union is legally, politically and economically lawful, genuine and realistic. Apart from this, there is a question to what degree Britain’s European institutional concepts are reconcilable with the increasing tendency of Germany and France towards the federalisation of the European Union institutional system. Actually, Britain accepted the European integration as participation in the common market, but rejected the supranational conception of Jean Monnet on the federal Union being a federal state and having its own Constitution. Today, Great Britain wishes to lead the member states out of the Eurozone in the fight against the Commission’s initiative on the change of the Treaty Establishing the European Community towards the transformation of the Union into a “federation of nation states“. For this reason, the differences in conceptions between Great Britain, on one hand, and France and Germany, on the other, are prominent and threaten to polarise the European Union even more to those member states at the higher and those at the lower level of integration. This is opposite to the original principle of a uniform legal order of the European Union. Although leaving the European Union by Great Britain is legally possible, it is not realistic, because it is economically and politically risky and does not pay.

Keywords: European Union, federalism, institutional system, getting out, integration, referendum, Commission, sovereignty, spillover, supranational model