UDC 343.326:004.738.5 323.28::28
Biblid: 0543-3657, 67 (2016)
Vol. 67, No 1162-1163, pp. 46-61

Received: 28 Jan 2016
Accepted: 28 Feb 2016


Jonev Katarina (Diplomirani politikolog za međunarodne odnose, Master Međunarodnog prava), jonev.katarina@gmail.com

At the beginning of the 21st century, terrorism has become a major security threat to the modern world. As the international community faces a number of threats and challenges, terrorist groups continue to spread fear by improving their operating methods. Cyber terrorism is a form of terrorism and potentially the method that terrorists could use in their fight. It is an illegal act in which the weapons implemented, in order to endanger human life and national infrastructure, are computers and the Internet. Attacks on computer systems and networks that can cause disruption or interruption of work, loss of lives or injury to people, physical destruction, as well as financial and ecological consequences are the acts of cyber terrorism. The terrorists of the Islamic State parallel with the physical conquered also cyberspace, especially in a way of extensive use of social networks for the propaganda purpose. This paper presents the authors\' attempt to distinguish differences between the acts of cyber terrorism from simple terrorist activities on the Internet such are spreading propaganda and also to analyze the activities of members of the Islamic State in cyberspace.

Keywords: terrorism, cyber terrorism, Islamic state, cyber attacks, propaganda, digital jihadism, cyber terrorists