Received: 16 Apr 2018
Accepted: 16 May 2018
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF COLONIALISM
Babić Danilo (Autor je student doktorskih studija na Fakultetu političkih nauka Univerziteta u Beogradu sa posebnim interesovanjem za postkolonijalne studije i studije Afrike), email@example.com
In this article, we discuss the conceptual framework of colonialism. We consider colonialism to be a complex system based on racial discrimination and economic exploitation. Furthermore, we closely define the concepts of colonialism, neocolonialism and imperialism. We believe that these terms are interconnected and that they construct one single context. Regardless of the small differences between these concepts, they act synergistically with the goal of establishing hegemony over the native population. Moreover, we analyze the psychological aspect of colonialism in order to uncover the relationship between the colonizer and the colonized. That relationship is characterised by mutual dependence, complexes of superiority and inferiority. In addition, we compare the opinions of three most eminent authors in the field of psychology of colonialism Albert Memmi, Octave Mannoni and Frantz Fannon.
Keywords: colonialism, imperialism, Prospero, Caliban, Memmi, Fannon, Mannoni