UDC 327(574)
Biblid: 0543-3657, 72 (2018)
Vol. 69, No 1172, pp. 52-67
DOI:

Original scientific paper
Received: 20 Sep 2018
Accepted: 20 Oct 2018

THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN: A NEW MIDDLE RANGE POWER?

Stekić Nenad (Istraživač-pripravnik, Institut za međunarodnu politiku i privredu, Beograd), nenad.stekic@diplomacy.bg.ac.rs

Modern international relations are characterized by the core political integration processes. By intensifying the regional interconnections among the countries, especially those with similar historical and cultural factors, some new types of regional cooperation are being born, which besides political include their economic integration as well. The so-called “spill-over effect” from economic to the political sphere, initially introduced within post-war Europe, is being manifested at the moment within the Asian space with the highest level of dynamics. This effect was mostly caused by the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative, whose geographical beginning compounds this space. as the vast space, Central Asia becomes the region with the increased geopolitical dynamics. this article aims at reviewing and systematizing academic literature which involves Kazakhstan’s foreign policy as a very important determinant of geopolitical dynamics in Central Asia. the author will present main vectors of the Kazakh foreign policy and its implications towards the regional peace and stability, as well as the key characteristics of bilateral relations with P.R. China, Russian Federation, turkey, and countries of the so-called “stan” space. Majority of academic papers assumes that even though Central Asian geopolitical dynamics is shaped by the collision of interests intertwining right in Kazakhstan, this country today represents a much more active political factor in Asian space. In this regard, the vast majority of academics identifies Kazakh capacity to significantly influence international relations through multilateral initiatives, which could set it to the middle range power status.

Keywords: Kazakhstan, middle range power, geopolitical dynamics, Central Asia, Belt and Road Initiative