UDC 94:341.485(=411.16)(569.4)
Biblid: 0543-3657, 70 (2019)
Vol. 70, No 1173, pp. 5-21
DOI:

Original scientific paper
Received: 12 Jul 2018
Accepted: 12 Aug 2018

THE HOLOCAUST AND THE CREATION OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL

Kovačević, MA Zoran (Zoran Kovačević, MA, Doktorand Fakultet političkih nauka, Univerzitet u Beogradu), zorankovacevic1989@gmail.com

In this paper, we will try to point out that the genocide of the Jews during the Second World War served as a perfect pretext for the re-establishment of the Jewish state of Israel in 1948. The Holocaust, as the biggest Nazi war crime, served as a “trigger event” for the Jews to finally rebuild their country in the Middle East. International circumstances and increasing knowledge about the suffering of the Jews were constantly being used by the founders of the modern Jewish state. We will see that Ben-Gurion, Israel’s first prime minister, was more than willing to seek financial reparations from the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) for Nazi crimes to consolidate his country’s economy and military strength. We will also prove that even though decades have passed since independence, the Holocaust was widely being used as propaganda to create and justify the Israeli policy towards “hostile” Arab states.

Keywords: Holocaust, Israel, Jews, Cold War, David Ben-Gurion, Federal Republic of Germany, Arab–Israeli conflict, realism