UDC 323.15(497.11:4-12)
Biblid: 0543-3657, 70 (2019)
Vol. 70, No 1174, pp. 5-21
DOI:

Original scientific paper
Received: 09 Apr 2019
Accepted: 09 May 2019

NATIONAL MINORITIES IN BILATERAL AGREEMENTS OF SERBIA WITH THE COUNTRIES IN THE REGION

Raduški Nada M. (Autor je naučni savetnik u Institutu za političke studije, Svetozara Markovića 36, Beograd), nadaraduski@gmail.com

The aim of this paper is to present regional cooperation and bilateral relations with neighboring countries with which Serbia borders through the prism of the position and rights of national minorities. The paper analyzes the status of the so-called new minorities in Serbia (Croatian and Macedonian), as well as the minority rights of the Hungarian and Romanian national minorities. Serbia has signed bilateral agreements with these four countries, which is of great importance for good interstates relations and Serbia\'s entry into the European Union. Also, the paper discusses the position and rights of the Serbian minority in the former Yugoslav republics, as well as in some neighboring member states of the European Union (Hungary, Romania). In addition, it analyses the basic demographic indicators (number and spatial distribution) that determine the realization of the rights and freedoms of each minority. Although the social and legal status of the Serbian minority is determined by European standards, they are in practice faced with assimilation. In order to fully realize minority rights and improve the position of the Serb minority, ratified international documents, bilateral agreements, national laws, as well as well-designed policies and assistance from the home state are of great importance.

Keywords: Bilateral agreements, national minorities, position, rights, identity, Serbia, Croatia, Northern Macedonia, Hungary, Romania, European Union