UDC 316.72(4-672eU)
Biblid: 0543-3657, 70 (2019)
Vol. 70, No 1175, pp. 5-21
DOI:

Original scientific paper
Received: 24 Jun 2019
Accepted: 24 Jul 2019

THE DECLINE OF MULTICULTURALISM AS A FACTOR IN STRENGTHENING THE NATIONAL IDENTITY OF THE EU MEMBER STATES

Gordanić Jelica (Jelica Gordanić, naučni saradnik. Institut za međunarodnu politiku i privredu, Beograd), jelica@diplomacy.bg.ac.rs

In the last ten years there has been a lot of rhetoric about failure of the concept of multiculturalism in europe. the paper aims to present reasons why concept of multiculturalism in eU had failed. Failure of multiculturalism in eU as a result had a gradual strengthening of the national consciousness and rise of national identities of eU member states. the paper points out the lack of a single model of eU multiculturalism, the emergence of Islamophobia in the eU in the early 2000s and explains the fragility of the concept of european identity. Migrant crisis, started in 2015, represents the latest stage in the backdrop of multiculturalism in the eU. all those tendencies had caused euroscepticism, the weakening of european identity, rise of right-wing parties and gradual strengthening of national identities of the eU member states. the paper concludes that the most important problems of european multiculturalism are integration of Islam into european society, as well as loyalty of Islam to the european way of life.

Keywords: multiculturalism, european Union, national identity, Islamophobia, european identity, right-wing parties, euro-skepticism