UDC 327:355.01
Biblid: 0543-3657, 70 (2019)
Vol. 70, No 1176, pp. 5-21
DOI:

Original scientific paper
Received: 30 Sep 2019
Accepted: 30 Oct 2019

THE CONCEPT OF UNAMBIGUOUS VICTORY BY JOHN DAVID LEWIS

Trapara Vladimir (Vladimir Trapara, naučni saradnik. Institut za međunarodnu politiku i privredu, Beograd), vtrapara@diplomacy.bg.ac.rs

In this paper, the author describes and critically analyzes the concept of unambiguous victory, developed by a Welsh politicologist John David Lewis in his book Nothing Less Than Victory. This concept\'s core lies in the emphasis on the significance of achieving victory as a war goal for the establishment of stable peace among former enemies, as well as in the observation that every conflict is based upon certain moral ideas. The path to an unambiguous victory goes through the identification of the enemy’s “center of gravity”, which is a source of the moral idea that leads it to start the war. To elaborate on the concept, Lewis performs several case studies, in which aggressive powers were unambiguously defeated by the adversaries who were convinced in the righteousness of their own war aims, and efficiently used force against the aggressor\'s “center of gravity”. The unambiguous victory concept is eclectic, for it combines the elements of all three big schools of thought about international relations – realist, liberal, and constructivist. However, liberal elements are merged with Lewis\'s bias towards Western liberal societies, which is a fundamental weakness of his concept, but not an obstacle to its scientific usefulness – if the bias in question is eliminated.

Keywords: John David Lewis, unambiguous victory, moral ideas, realism, liberalism, constructivism