UDC 930.85(=163.41)(496.5) 323.15(=163.41)(496.5)
Biblid: 0543-3657, 71 (2020)
Vol. 71, No 1177, pp. 73-92
DOI:

Review paper
Received: 20 Oct 2019
Accepted: 20 Nov 2019

SERBIAN CULTURAL HERITAGE AND THE SERBIAN NATIONAL MINORITY IN ALBANIA

Lužnjanin Vladimir (Autor je student na master studijama, međunarodno-pravni modul na Pravnom fakultetu Univerziteta u Beogradu i diplomirani pravnik na Pravnom fakultetu Univerziteta u Beogradu), vladimirluznjanin@gmail.com
Dimić Miloš P. (Autor je apsolvent na Pravnom fakultetu Univerziteta u Beogradu), milosdimic1991@gmail.com
Vojinović Nemanja (Autor je apsolvent na Pravnom fakultetu Univerziteta u Beogradu), nemanja.vojinovic@outlook.com

For more than a century, i.e., from the times of the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire, Serbia and Albania have had turbulent relations. The only change in the status of these relations is the transition from a conflict situation into a pre-conflict situation and vice versa. The consequences of such relations between the two countries are mostly felt by the national minorities. Unlike the Serbian minority in Albania, during the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the Albanian minority had the National Party in the Parliament of the former state. Their interests were represented by the Cemiyet Party, which was eventually banned due to anti-state operations. During the reign of Enver Hoxha in neighboring Albania, their compatriots of the Albanian national minority in Kosovo and Metohija had freedom of thought, freedom of speech and political freedoms in many areas of life. In general, they had much more rights than their compatriots in Albania. However, the Serbian national minority in communist Albania during that time was suffering from the terror of boundless proportions. The personal names of people, cultural and religious heritage, freedom of religion, expression of nationality, all aspects of human life, and sometimes even life itself became subject of general oppression during the time of the dictator Enver Hoxha. After the dissolution of SFR Yugoslavia, NATO aggression against Yugoslavia, and temporary occupation of the southern Serbian province, status and position of the Serbian minority in Albania looked gloomier than during the rule of Enver Hoxha. The paper intends to give a brief historical account of the circumstances that explain the consequences of the present state of the Serbian national minority. However, it will primarily be focused on the present state of our minority, the renewal of its linguistic, cultural and religious life (a large number of Serbs in Albania are Muslims, especially in central Albania). Currently, the leading role in the renewal of the Serbian minority and its national and ethnic consciousness has an association Moraca-Rozafa from Shkodra, the Serbian Orthodox Church, the Republic of Serbia and many other individuals involved. Also, the authors of this paper want to point out the positive role of the Republic of Serbia and its concern for the compatriots in Albania.

Keywords: Serbs, Enver Hoxha, Shkodra, Serbian cultural heritage, Albania, Serbian national minority, association Moraca-Rozafa