UDC 323+316.4(1-664)(496.5)
Biblid: 0543-3657, 72 (2021)
Vol. 72, No 1182, pp. 33-63
DOI: https://doi.org/10.18485/iipe_mp.2021.72.1182.2

Original scientific paper
Received: 28 May 2021
Accepted: 18 Jun 2021

Internal Political Challenges and Transitional Difficulties in Albania 1990–1997

Bošković Stefan (Autor je istraživač pripravnik na Fakultetu političkih nauka, Univerziteta u Beogradu, kao doktorand stipendista Ministarstva prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije),

The study investigates the impact of post-Cold War pervasive control measures on Albanians\' reactions to the collapse of such a system and its consequences. It is also necessary to consider Albanian national diversity, the history of the submission of central governments, and the intentions of the communist government in creating a strong government and an integrated Albanian nation. As a result, the research question is: did the lack of democratic experience among post-socialist leaders, combined with (too) rapid social changes, encourage the return of Albanian national differences and the challenge to the authority of central administrations? The qualitative methods of analysis show that the sinking of a highly rigorous system was accompanied by extremes. Likewise, the rapid transition to an organization where non-established government officials have a much smaller regulatory role is more than a fertile ground for restoring internal national diversity and thus rejecting the principles of state organization.

Keywords: Albania, transition, Sali Berisha, elections, pyramid schemes, particularism