UDC 343.343.6(436)(439)
Biblid: 0543-3657, 72 (2021)
Vol. 72, No 1183, pp. 107-129
DOI: https://doi.org/10.18485/iipe_mp.2021.72.1183.6

Review paper
Received: 27 Feb 2021
Accepted: 25 Jul 2021

The Migrant Crisis, Illegal Migration, and Human Trafficking as Security Problems: A Case Study of Austria and Hungary

Obradović Zoran (Autor je zaposlen u Ministarstvu odbrane Republike Srbije), obradoviczoran933@ gmail.com
Živanović Aleksandar (Autor je student master akademskih studija na Fakultetu političkih nauka Univerziteta u Beogradu), acamzivanovic@gmail.com

Migrations instigated by war and suffering, the actions of radical Islamists and the formation of the Islamic State on the territory of several Middle Eastern countries forced European states to act systematically against the invasion of migrants over a long period, spending their resources and overworking their police, military and civilian capabilities. Through the topic “Illegal migration and security responses, a case study on the example of Austria and Hungary,” we will attempt to comprehend modern illegal migration. We examined the work and outcomes of Southeast European anti-trafficking and anti-trafficking systems, including governmental and non-governmental organizations and their responsibilities in the system, to determine which capacities have yet to be developed and where the systems‘ weaknesses lie.

Keywords: Illegal migration, human trafficking, Europe, Austria, Hungary